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MR Physics for Physicists - Day 1
Michael H. Buonocore, M.D., Ph.D., Peter M. Jakob, Ph.D., and John P. Mugler III, Ph.D., Organizers
Saturday, 15 May 2004, 08:30 - 17:50

Last updated 05 May 2009
Course Description
This two-course is intended for new PhD's joining the MRI scientific community who wish to learn MR physics and engineering at an advanced technical level.  Background physics will be covered in addition to the latest theoretical and experimental developments needed to comprehend the presentations at the scientific meeting.  A broad range of technical topics will be covered systematically, including the origin and basic properties of the NMR signal, mechanisms of spin polarization, MRI system design and components, echo formation, signal detection, spatial encoding, image reconstruction, pulse sequence structures, advantages and artifacts, image quality measurements and optimization, spin physics and models of magnetization behavior, advanced image reconstruction via gridding, parallel imaging physics, multi-dimensional RF pulse design, and special pulse sequences and processing for physiological measurements.
Audience Description:
This course is designed for PhD candidates in physical engineering and/or computer science, as well as PhD post-graduates in these fields.  It is also suited to established MR physicists, engineers, computer scientists and physicians with several years direct experience performing MRI biological applications and/or MRI technology research and development, who seek a better quantitative understanding of specific areas of MRI science and technology, including, for example, the capabilities of recently introduced equipment upgrades.  It is especially designed for individuals with physical science and/or engineering backgrounds, who are currently working in MRI technology research and development, and who wish to broaden their knowledge of MR physics and continue working in MRI, and will be particularly valuable to attendees interested in obtaining a physically rigorous and quantitative description of MRI topics.
Educational Objectives:
At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to
Describe the fundamental properties of the NMR signal, spin polarization, and different quantum mechanical interactions of spins;
Explain physical principles, signal processing techniques, and instrumentation used in signal creation, detection and image generation;
Compare and contrast the structure, advantages and unique image artifacts of routinely-used advanced pulse sequences;
Describe measurements for characterizing and optimizing image quality, and methods for avoidance of image artifacts;
Describe models and graphical tools for understanding magnetization dynamics, and separating out the components of magnetization contributing to an MR echo;
Compare advanced image reconstruction methods based on gridding, and those used in parallel imaging;
Explain special MRI pulse sequences and processing methods used for spatial mapping of specific physiological processes.

The final five minutes of each presentation will be reserved for questions.

SESSION I: Origin and Basic Properties of the MR Signal
08:30 Quantum-Mechanical and Classical Description of the MR Signal James Tropp
09:10 Multiple-Quantum Coherence: Theory and Application Jianhui Zhong
09:50 Beyond Thermal Polarization Gordon Cates
10:30 Break
10:50 Overview of an MRI System Richard W. Bowtell
11:30 Transmit and Receive RF Subsystems Ed B. Boskamp
12:10 Break
13:30 Gradient Subsystem Franz Schmitt
SESSION III: From Signal to Image: Basic Concepts
14:10 Pulse Sequences I: Echo Formation R. Todd Constable
14:50 Pulse Sequences II: Spatial Encoding and Image Reconstruction Richard G.S. Spencer
15:30 Break
15:50 Pulse Sequences III: Major Techniques Klaus Scheffler
16:30 Measurement and Optimization of Image Quality Dennis L. Parker
SESSION IV: From Signal to Image: Advanced Concepts
17:10 Models for Magnetization Behavior Jurgen Hennig
17:50 Adjournment