ISMRM 24th Annual Meeting & Exhibition 07-13 May 2016 Singapore

Educational Session: Portable MRI

Skill Level: Basic to Intermediate

Organizer: Guoying Liu, Ph.D. & Greg Zaharchuk, M.D., Ph.D.

Wednesday 11 May 2016

Overview
This educational course will cover the broad area of portable MRI systems, ranging from those that could be transported in an ambulance to those that are hand-held. The course will give an overview of some of the technical approaches, challenges, and results achieved so far. A special emphasis will be to identify potential clinical applications.

Target Audience
Anyone interested in the potential use of portable MRI.

Educational Objectives
Upon completion of this course, participants should be able to:

  • Understand the history and motivation for portable MRI systems;
  • Learn about the various current approaches to portable MRI; and
  • Conceptualize which approaches might be most application for specific clinical applications.

PROGRAM
Moderators: Michael Garwood, Lawrence Wald
10:00
 
A Brief History of Portable MRI
John M. Pauly1
1Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States
Many different methods have been explored over the years for using NMR for imaging and characterizing materials.   Some of these have carried forward into MRI, but there are many other interesting variations that can make MRI more portable and flexible.  This presentation will outline some of these ideas, and describe where they may have a place in the future of MRI systems.

 
10:30
 
Portable Imaging with Rotating Inhomogeneous Magnetic Fields
Clarissa Zimmerman Cooley1
1A. A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA, United States
As the premiere modality for brain imaging, MRI could find wider applicability if lightweight, portable systems were available for siting in unconventional locations. We construct and validate a truly portable (<100kg) and silent proof-of-concept scanner which replaces conventional gradient encoding with a rotating inhomogeneous low-field magnet. When rotated about the object, the inhomogeneous field pattern is used to create generalized projections. The system is validated with experimental 2D images, and extended to 3D imaging with the addition of Transmit Array Spatial Encoding (TRASE). This new scanner architecture demonstrates the potential for portability by simultaneously relaxing the magnet homogeneity criteria and eliminating the gradient coil.

 
11:00
 
Imaging the Brain using Ultra-low Field MRI with SQUIDs
Fa-Hsuan Lin1
1National Taiwan University
Recent progress has demonstrated the feasibility of using the SQUID sensor arrays in MEG helmets to record MRI data. Here we describe the basic principles of MRI as well as the special requirements and solutions needed to perform ultra-low-field MRI concurrently with MEG. We consider it is feasible to build practical MEG-MRI instruments for scientific experimentation and for clinical use. An MRI with 2 mm spatial resolution, sufficient signal-to-noise ratio and contrast appears achievable without essentially lengthening the normal MEG measurement time.

 
11:30
 
Millitesla MRI: Brain and Beyond
Matthew S Rosen1,2,3
1MGH/Martinos Center, Charlestown, MA, United States, 2Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States, 3Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States
MRI is unparalleled in its ability to visualize anatomical structure and function non-invasively. To overcome the low sensitivity inherent in inductive detection of weakly polarized nuclear spins, the vast majority of clinical MRI scanners employ massive superconducting Tesla-scale magnets with strict infrastructure demands that preclude truly portable operation. We describe here a simple, non-cryogenic approach to high-performance human MRI at ultra-low magnetic field using undersampled b-SSFP at 6.5 mT. We contend that practical ultra-low magnetic-field implementations of MRI (< 10 mT) will complement traditional MRI, providing clinically relevant images and setting new standards for affordable and robust portable devices.

 
12:00
 
Adjournment & Meet the Teachers
         
 

The International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for
Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.