ISMRM 24th Annual Meeting & Exhibition 07-13 May 2016 Singapore

Weekend Educational Course: Pediatric & Neonatal MRI

Skill Level: Basic

Organizers: Neal K. Bangerter, Ph.D. & Michael S. Hansen, Ph.D.

Sunday 08 May 2016

This course will provide an overview of the logistics of imaging children and newborns, suggest possible solutions, and review best practices. It will then provide an introduction to dedicated pediatric imaging technology, and review recent developments in RF coil technology and pulse sequence acceleration techniques for improved pediatric and neonatal imaging. The course will conclude with an overview of both body and cardiac pediatric MRI.

Target Audience
Investigators who will benefit from learning about the logistics associated with pediatric and neonatal MRI, new MRI techniques for improved pediatric and neonatal imaging, and the current state-of-the-art in body and cardiac pediatric imaging.

Educational Objectives
Upon completion of this course, participants should be able to:

  • Apply logistical best practices for pediatric and neonatal MRI;
  • Describe new MRI technologies for dedicated pediatric imaging, and new RF and pulse sequence acceleration strategies that could benefit pediatric and neomnatal MRI; and
  • Identify current MRI techniques with application to both body and cardiac pediatric imaging.

Moderator: Shreyas Vasanawala
Logistics of Imaging Children
Kendall O'Brien1 and Jonathan Swink2
1Cardiology, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC, United States, 2Anesthesia, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC, United States
what happens to old when I type new



Technologies for Pediatric Neuroimaging
Duan Xu1,2
1Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 2Joint Graduate Group in Bioengineering, UCSF/UC Berkeley, San Francisco and Berkeley, CA, United States
This educational session will introduce technologies for brain imaging of pediatric subjects.  A brief overview of key differences between the developing brain and adult brain will be discussed.  The presentation will be focused on the variety of neuroimaging sequences, anatomical and functional, and post-processing techniques for improved characterization of the maturing brain.  Translational studies will also be presented to highlight the importance of advancing pediatric brain imaging not only in research but also in clinical care, and further identify the area of needs to spur interests from the audience.

Coils & Acceleration
Michael Lustig1
1UC Berkeley
Break & Meet the Teachers
Pediatric Imaging
Shreyas Vasanawala
MRI is an outstanding modality for pediatric body imaging, and offers the prime advantage of lack of ionizing radiation.  However, it is often under-utilized due to challenges with patient cooperation and reliable image quality.  Many of these issues stem from motion artifacts and bloated protocols.  This presentation will cover common imaging indications in the extremities, pelvis, abdomen, and chest, providing streamlined protocols for each.    Several methods for rapid musculoskeletal imaging will be reviewed.  These include targeted protocols and higher-dimensional acquisitions.  An approach to abdominal and pelvic MRI will be presented that uses only a couple of sequences to obtain T2-weighted and post-contrast T1 weighted scans.  Tradeoffs between various methods of T2 weighted imaging will be reviewed.  Further, for MRA and MR venography of the torso, streamlined protocols will be presented that are well-suited to sedated children.  Contrast-enhanced imaging techniques that minimize motion will be presented.

Vivek Muthurangu
Paediatric cardiac disease is often complex, requiring comprehensive anatomical and hemodynamic assessment. C Paediatric cardiac disease is often complex, requiring comprehensive anatomical and hemodynamic assessment. Cardiac MRI offers a reference standard method of assessing the cardiovascular system. However, conventional cardiac MRI can be difficult to perform on children due to poor patient compliance. Therefore, accelerated real-time imaging techniques are increasingly used. These will be discussed with particular reference to studies that have demonstrated proven benefit in the pediatric population.   

Adjournment & Meet the Teachers

The International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for
Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.