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SMRT Educational Seminars
Directions in Advanced Cardiac Imaging
Volume 2, Number 3
The SMRT Educational Seminars (Volume 2, Number 3), has been approved for 3.0 Category A Continuing Educational credits.

Read the SMRT Educational Seminars (Volume 2, Number 3), "Directions in Advanced Cardiac Imaging" and complete the quiz and official Answer Form at the back of the article. To receive credit the quiz must be completed with a score of 75% or better. Completion of all questions with a passing score will earn a total of 3.0 category A Continuing Education credits.
SMRT members should send the completed Answer Form to the SMRT Education Department for scoring. The certificate will state the CE reference number and awarded CE credits. Members receiving a score less than 75% will be notified and given the option of taking the quiz an additional two times. Members should retain their CE Certificate for their Continuing Education registry requirements.
Educational Objectives
Part I: Advanced MR Imaging Techniques for Evaluation of the Heart and Great Vessels
  • Discuss the segmented k-space sequence and define the key terms of the technique.
  • Review k-space traversal techniques used in cardiac imaging.
  • Examine the differences between single-section, multiphase acquisitions and multisection, single-phase acquisitions
  • Review the role of selection and positioning of the coil, cardiac gating, and selection of imaging parameters.
  • Discuss the varied clinical applications of cardiac imaging.

Part II: Segmented k-Space Fast Cardiac Imaging Using an Echo-Train Readout

  • Review the use of the ECG-gated, segmented k-space, fast gradient echo (segmented FGRE) technique in cardiac imaging, and its associated pitfalls.
  • Review the use of echo planar imaging (EPI) techniques in cardiac imaging, and its associated pitfalls.
  • Discuss the results of a hybrid sequence utilizing the segmented FGRE sequence in combination with a short echo train readout (segmented FGRE-ET).
  • To compare all three techniques for temporal resolution, geometric distortion, and sensitivity to flow.
  • Discuss the advantages of the segmented FGRE-ET cine technique and its application in cardiac stress testing by MRI.