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SMRT Educational Seminars
Update: Musculoskeletal MRI
Volume 11, Number 1
The SMRT Educational Seminars
(Volume 11, Number 1), has been approved for 4.0 Category A
Continuing Educational credits.
Read the SMRT Educational Seminars (Volume 11, Number 1),
"Update: Musculoskeletal MRI" and complete
the quiz and official Answer Form at the back of the article. To
receive credit the quiz must be completed with a score of 75% or
better. Completion of all questions with a passing score will earn a
total of 4.0 category A Continuing Education credits.
SMRT members should send the completed
Answer Form to the SMRT Education Department for scoring. The
certificate will state the CE reference number and awarded CE
credits. Members receiving a score less than 75% will be notified
and given the option of taking the quiz an additional two times.
Members should retain their CE Certificate for their Continuing
Education registry requirements.
Low-Field Musculoskeletal MRI
The Magic Angle Effect
- Outline the differences between extremity MR systems and
whole body MR systems highlighting the unique advantages of the
lower field scanners.
- Discuss the anatomy and applications that are optimized in
the use of extremity MR systems.
- Review the appropriate scan parameters used to image the
musculoskeletal system with extremity MR scanners.
- Show examples of optimal images depicting anatomy and
pathology generated using an extremity MR system.
3.0 Tesla Imaging of the Musculoskeletal System
- Describe the characteristics of the magic angle effect in
MRI and under what conditions it occurs.
- Review tissue MR properties and other contributing factors
to the magic angle effect.
- Discuss the potential advantages and disadvantages of the
magic angle effect.
- Review the specific anatomy and scan parameters in which the
magic angle can be maximized or minimized.
- Show examples of MR images in which the magic angle can be
observed through changes in SNR and CNR.
Frontiers in Musculoskeletal MRI: Articular Cartilage
- Identify technical considerations for imaging the
musculoskeletal system at 3.0T.
- Review changes in inherent contrast due changes in T1, T2
and T2* at 3.0T.
- Describe image artifacts specific to 3.0T and others that
are modified due to the increase of the static magnetic field.
- Review changes in magnetic susceptibility effects and the
spectral bandwidth at 3.0T affecting fat suppression techniques.
- Discuss the optimization of scan parameters in MR imaging
protocols at 3.0T.
- Describe the potential applications and advantages in
musculoskeletal imaging at 3.0T.
- Review the makeup of articular cartilage including
physiology and pathology.
- Describe the current consensus of MR pulse sequences to best
image articular cartilage.
- Identify developments and new techniques designed to improve
the assessment of articular cartilage by MRI.
- Balanced SSFP Imaging of the Musculoskeletal System
- Review current pulse sequences and scan parameters used
clinically to image the musculoskeletal system with MR.
- Describe new developments in MR imaging of the
musculoskeletal system and the advantages over current
- Discuss the importance of fat suppression and various
techniques currently available and in development.
- Describe the implementation of new techniques that allow the
visualization of physiologic MRI of the musculoskeletal system.