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SMRT Educational Seminars
Update: Musculoskeletal MRI
Volume 11, Number 1
The SMRT Educational Seminars (Volume 11, Number 1), has been approved for 4.0 Category A Continuing Educational credits.

Read the SMRT Educational Seminars (Volume 11, Number 1), "Update: Musculoskeletal MRI" and complete the quiz and official Answer Form at the back of the article. To receive credit the quiz must be completed with a score of 75% or better. Completion of all questions with a passing score will earn a total of 4.0 category A Continuing Education credits.
SMRT members should send the completed Answer Form to the SMRT Education Department for scoring. The certificate will state the CE reference number and awarded CE credits. Members receiving a score less than 75% will be notified and given the option of taking the quiz an additional two times. Members should retain their CE Certificate for their Continuing Education registry requirements.
Educational Objectives
Low-Field Musculoskeletal MRI
  • Outline the differences between extremity MR systems and whole body MR systems highlighting the unique advantages of the lower field scanners.
  • Discuss the anatomy and applications that are optimized in the use of extremity MR systems.
  • Review the appropriate scan parameters used to image the musculoskeletal system with extremity MR scanners.
  • Show examples of optimal images depicting anatomy and pathology generated using an extremity MR system.
The Magic Angle Effect
  • Describe the characteristics of the magic angle effect in MRI and under what conditions it occurs.
  • Review tissue MR properties and other contributing factors to the magic angle effect.
  • Discuss the potential advantages and disadvantages of the magic angle effect.
  • Review the specific anatomy and scan parameters in which the magic angle can be maximized or minimized.
  • Show examples of MR images in which the magic angle can be observed through changes in SNR and CNR.
3.0 Tesla Imaging of the Musculoskeletal System
  • Identify technical considerations for imaging the musculoskeletal system at 3.0T.
  • Review changes in inherent contrast due changes in T1, T2 and T2* at 3.0T.
  • Describe image artifacts specific to 3.0T and others that are modified due to the increase of the static magnetic field.
  • Review changes in magnetic susceptibility effects and the spectral bandwidth at 3.0T affecting fat suppression techniques.
  • Discuss the optimization of scan parameters in MR imaging protocols at 3.0T.
  • Describe the potential applications and advantages in musculoskeletal imaging at 3.0T.
Frontiers in Musculoskeletal MRI: Articular Cartilage
  • Review the makeup of articular cartilage including physiology and pathology.
  • Describe the current consensus of MR pulse sequences to best image articular cartilage.
  • Identify developments and new techniques designed to improve the assessment of articular cartilage by MRI.
  • Balanced SSFP Imaging of the Musculoskeletal System
  • Review current pulse sequences and scan parameters used clinically to image the musculoskeletal system with MR.
  • Describe new developments in MR imaging of the musculoskeletal system and the advantages over current techniques.
  • Discuss the importance of fat suppression and various techniques currently available and in development.
  • Describe the implementation of new techniques that allow the visualization of physiologic MRI of the musculoskeletal system.