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SMRT Educational Seminars
MR of the Abdomen: Kidney
Volume 15, Number 1
The SMRT Educational Seminars (Volume 15, Number 1), has been approved for 2.0 Category A Continuing Educational credits.

Read the SMRT Educational Seminars (Volume 15, Number 1), "MR of the Abdomen: Kidney" and complete the quiz and official Answer Form at the back of the article. To receive credit the quiz must be completed with a score of 75% or better. Completion of all questions with a passing score will earn a total of 2.0 category A Continuing Education credits.
SMRT members should send the completed Answer Form to the SMRT Education Department for scoring. The certificate will state the CE reference number and awarded CE credits. Members receiving a score less than 75% will be notified and given the option of taking the quiz an additional two times. Members should retain their CE Certificate for their Continuing Education registry requirements.
Educational Objectives
Acute Abdominal Pain: Is There a Potential Role for MRI in the Setting of the Emergency Department in a Patient with Renal Calculi?
  • Review the emergency department evaluation and referral of acute abdominal pain;
  • Describe medical imaging of acute abdominal pain including CT, ultrasound and MRI;
  • Discuss the detection of renal calculi in upper and lower collecting systems;
  • Explain MRI methodology including noncontrast and contrastenhanced sequences;
  • Review the utility of MRI in obstructive urolithiasis;
  • Describe methods to analyze renal function;
  • Discuss the imaging of other causes of pain and pregnancy;
  • Review the limitations of these techniques; and
  • Show MR images of patients with acute abdominal pain and detected disease.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Evaluation of Renal Structure and Function Related to Disease: Technical Review of Image Acquisition, Postprocessing, and Mathematical Modeling Steps

  • Provide an overview of chronic kidney disease (CKD);
  • Describe renal physiology and current measures of renal function;
  • Explain general consideration for MRI techniques;
  • Review the MR imaging acquisition including sampling schemes and pulse sequences;
  • Address challenges in MRI including kidney motion;
  • Discuss MR image acceleration strategies;
  • Describe the calculation of the concentration of gadoliniumbased contrast agents (GBCA);
  • Discuss the arterial input function (AIF), modeling renal function, and the three-compartment model; and
  • Review clinical applications and show image examples.